The ecology of Fuvahmulah is well-known for its diverse coral ecosystems, including coral, mangrove, and wetland systems. The atoll is home to various biodiversity, including significant populations of tiger, thresher, and whale sharks, as well as over 1,200 species of fish. The island is also an important station for migratory birds, with over 167 species found there, including five endemic species. The island’s geology is characterized by hard coral and sand conglomerates, forming a shallow bowl with two water bodies, surrounded by marshes covered in peat and mud, and coconut palms, trees, and shrubs. Due to the absence of a lagoon, the island is affected by strong wave action, resulting in the famous “Thoondu,” an area of fringing reef extending from the northern point of the island, with a unique pebble beach.